Updated on 30.03.2015

EnvironmentForest Reserves Program

The Forest Reserves program provides incentives for the planting of eucalyptus by farmers who own rural properties in the vicinity of Fibria planted áreas. The program has been introduced in the states of Bahia (Far South), Espírito Santo, Rio Grande do Sul and São Paulo.

This production model opens up the prospect of sustained business for rural producers, who receive planting incentives from the first year they enter the program, through the supplying of eucalyptus seedlings for reforesting, technical assistance, support for the selling of the wood and environmental education.

The program encourages the generating of income, preservation of the environment and sustainability in the countryside, by harmonizing forest use with food production and animal husbandry.

Main benefits

  • Eucalyptus seedlings produced using the latest technology.
  • Professional supervision to guide the forest management.
  • Planning of the property use, with map of the area drawn up, showing roads, plots for cultivation and Areas of Permanent Preservation (APPs).
  • Training for professionals and farmers.
  • Development of forest certification concepts.
  • Applied research, in partnership with public and private higher education institutions.
  • Guaranteed purchasing of the wood.

Technical tips

Registered phytosanitary products

For use in reforesting, Fibria only recommends phytosanitary products that are registered with the Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Provisioning (MAPA) and are derived from renewable natural resources. The use of unregistered products, such as the herbicide DMA, which is commonly used in agriculture and pastures, is not allowed in company or Forest Reserves areas. So that there should be no doubts, all the products registered for use in reforesting have the letters NA (Non-Agricultural) at the end of the name.

Important advice for the safe use of any product:

  • Follow the technical recommendations of a trained professional (forestry engineer or agronomist).
  • Always read and follow the instructions (which are often shown on the label or container).
  • Use appropriate safety equipment, such as rubber boots, overalls, gloves and a mask.
  • Check the state of the equipment (e.g.: cleanliness and adjustments) before applying the product.

Correct disposal of packaging

After using phytosanitary products, it is important to follow the correct procedures for the disposal of the container, in order to preserve the environment and the health of the population.

The empty containers of all inputs supplied by Fibria (fertilizers, herbicides, formicides, insecticides, etc.) must be returned to the company, in the vehicles for transporting inputs or by a Forest Reserves technician. Any containers of products that were not supplied by Fibria may be returned to a used container collection center. Nevertheless, prior to disposal, it is important to completely empty the container and, in the case of rigid containers (metal, plastic or glass), wash them out three times.

The procedures for this triple washing, and the addresses of the collection centers, can be obtained from a Forest Reserves technician or by using the toll-free telephone numbers 0800-393949 / 0800 7079810.

Utilization and enrichment of waste for feeding cattle

Agribusiness by-products and leftovers can be used for feeding cattle, as long as they are duly treated, thus providing a good alternative for producers, not only due to the nutritional value, but also by combating waste. Onaldo Souza, doctor in animal husbandry and researcher at Embrapa (Brazilian Enterprise for Agricultural Research), gives the examples of maize, rice, bean and other husks and sugarcane bagasse. The treatment of this type of waste with urea, an organic compound produced synthetically by mixing ammonia and carbon dioxide, has proved to be very effective, since urea, due to its high nitrogen content, is an efficient protein substitute in feed for ruminants. According to the researcher, the technique, called ammonization, is simple, practical and safe to perform.

The recommended average urea dosage is 5% of the dry material to be treated. For large quantities of material, the solution can be applied using a spray, after which the material should be covered with a polyethylene sheet, to create an airtight seal.

Websites provide access to agrometeorological reports

For those with internet access, online agrometeorological reports are a fast, practical option for agricultural weather updates. Agritempo a report produced by Embrapa and Unicamp, doesn’t only provide the latest weather forecast, but also supplies the Ministry of Agriculture’s RNA (National Agrometeorological Network) with basic information to guide Brazilian agricultural zoning. You can also register to automatically receive bulletins by e-mail. Climatempo provides general weather information, personalized bulletins and health tips, as well as links to various weather channels.

Learn how to make organic fertilizer

Animal or bird manure can be used to make organic fertilizers, such as compost or a foliar fertilizer, also known as biofertilizer. As well as being inexpensive, organic fertilizers provide plants with nutrition and augment their resistance to pests and diseases, and are being widely used in ecological agriculture.

The production process is very simple, if there is a ready supply of cattle manure on the property. There are no adverse side effects, but it is very important that you leave the manure to dry out before using it, otherwise it could cause the plant to wither.

Learn how to protect your orchard in winter

One of the best ways of protecting the trees in your orchard against borers and cochineals in winter is to use a sulfur paste, with is both very cheap and easy to make. The ingredients are:

  • 1 kg of sulfur powder;
  • 2 kg of slaked quicklime (for making limewater);
  • 500 grams of kitchen salt;
  • 15 liters of water.

For the preparation, one needs a barrel, in which to mix the sulfur with a little hot water, until it forms a paste. Then, top up the barrel with water and slowly add the lime, mixing it in carefully, and finally the kitchen salt.

Paint the paste onto the trunk and principal branches of each tree, at least four times during the period May-June.

Garlic: a natural repellent

Garlic is another option as a pesticide and is widely used in the United States, in the form of an oil that is diluted and sprayed on plants to keep away pests. It doesn’t cause any harm to the environment, or contaminate people or foods. When planted amongst commercial crops, garlic acts as a pest repellent.

How to develop a good pasture

To obtain good grazing land, it is necessary to take certain precautions, including an analysis of the soil geography, verifying the presence of stones, the physical and chemical properties, type of vegetation, etc. Based on this analysis, any necessary corrective measures can be taken, using lime or fertilizers.

If such corrective steps cannot be taken, one should plant the type of grass that adapts most readily to the soil conditions. The technicians can recommend the most suitable species, but it is important to be aware that no type of pasture is exempt from all problems.

We can consider three possible scenarios, according to the intended future activities to be carried out on the property:

Stock raising
Tolerates less diversified and lower quality pastures.
Stock raising/feeding and fattening
Requires greater diversification, since it is necessary to meet the different nutritional requirements of the animals in all their various stages.
Stock fattening
Requires high-quality pastures, with a high production level in the summer and, if possible, good winter conditions also.

The development of a pasture might appear simple, but it requires special care. Whenever possible, seek the advice of an agricultural engineer who specializes in the subject.

Tomato disease prevention using a computer

Embrapa Hortaliça has developed a warning system for controlling leaf diseases on tomato plants, which involves monitoring the temperature and humidity using a computer program installed within the plantation. This system makes it possible to calculate the likelihood of possible outbreaks of disease, based on the environmental variables. Hence, the producer knows which fungicide to use and the exact moment to use it.

This is a groundbreaking initiative in Brazil, aimed at making rational use of fungicides to control the main tomato leaf diseases, and makes it possible to reduce spraying by about 30%, thus generating a saving of approximately R$ 300/hectare and 25 kg of fungicides/hectare in industrial scale tomato production.

Sources: National Agricultural Society, Incaper and www.agrorganica.com.br.

Environmental tips

Wood ash

Wood ash is rich in potassium and can be used, mixed with other natural products, to control pests and certain diseases.

Use half a cup of wood ash, half a cup of quicklime and 4 liters of water. The ash should be put in the water and left for at least 24 hours. Then strain the mixture and mix in the quicklime, and it is ready to be sprayed on your crops.

Wheat flour

The wheat flour that is used in the home can be effective in controlling aphids, mites and caterpillars. It is best used on hot, dry, sunny days. It should be applied in the morning in such a way that it completely covers the leaves. In the sun, the flour, diluted in water, forms a film around the insect, which then falls off the plant in the wind. The mixture can be sprayed on plants that have been attacked by caterpillars.

Preparation: mix 1 soupspoon of flour (20 grams) in 1 liter of water and spray the mixture on the leaves that have been attacked. Repeat the measure 2 weeks later.

New ally in combating pests

An important ally in the combating of pests by natural means is the margosa tree, or neem, as it is called in its native India. This fruit tree has adapted very well to the Brazilian climate. The active ingredient azadirachtin is an excellent natural repellent, which is believed to be effective against more than 400 of the world’s 650 known harmful insects. In combating pests, one uses the oil extracted from the seeds of this plant, although the leaves and bark also have protective properties. It is recommended that you consult a technician before planting or using the margosa against pests.

Source: Incaper

Interesting facts

  • One hectare (ha) is equivalent to the area of an official size football pitch.
  • One cubic meter (m³), the unit used to measure quantities of timber, represents a pile of solid wood 1 m high by 1 m long by 1 m wide.
  • The unit for measuring forest growth is m³/ha/year, which indicates the number of cubic meters of wood the forest has added for each hectare of area during the period of one year.
  • In Brazil, when a eucalyptus tree is 7 years old, it is approximately 25 m tall and measures 18 cm in diameter at breast height.
  • To form 1 m³ of wood, one requires 3 to 5 seven-year-old trees.
  • 1 m³ of wood weighs between 450 and 500 kilos, after all the water in the wood has been eliminated.
  • To produce 1 ton of pulp requires 3.5 m³ of wood or 2 tons of dry wood.
  • One can produce over 20,000 sheets of A4 paper from a single eucalyptus tree.
  • 1 ha of planted eucalyptus can produce about the same volume of wood as 30 ha of native forest, which means that, for every hectare of forest that we plant, we are preserving 30 ha of native forest.

Contact us

The Forest Reserves team has opened up this channel in order to speak directly to you. Tell us your point of view, make suggestions and clear up any doubts. Your participation is very important. See below the contact details for each of the country’s regions.

General information about the Program

Rafael Carvalho Rodrigues: rcrodrig@fibria.com.br
(55 27) 3270-2452

Forest Reserves São Paulo state

Diogo Adriano Rodrigues: diogo.rodrigues@fibria.com.br
(55 12) 2125-9872

Forest Reserves Espírito Santo state

Fabiano Souza Rocha: fsrocha@fibria.com.br
08000-39-3949 Option 3

Forest Reserves Bahia state

Adriano Rodrigues Furini: arfurini@fibria.com.br
08000-39-39-49 Option 1

Forest Reserves Rio Grande do Sul state

Leonardo Souza Martins: leonardo.souza@fibria.com.br
(53) 2123-1991