Fibria considers logistics so important that it is seen not just as a competitive advantage, but as an actual business. To find the best solutions for transporting wood to mills and pulp to clients, the company strives to integrate different modes to connect forests, mills and ports. A vision that leverages its competitiveness and guarantees its presence in global markets.
The transportation of goods from units to the port is done by rail, except from the Aracruz unit in Espírito Santo, which, given the close proximity, is done by road. To reduce carbon emissions and truck traffic, the company develops alternative modes. One is maritime transport by barge from Caravelas in southern Bahia and by ship from Rio Grande, Rio Grande do Sul to Portocel in Aracruz. The only Brazilian terminal specializing in pulp, Portocel is operated jointly with Cenibra. Export markets are served by maritime transport and domestic markets by road freight.
In 2016, due to a development partnership with the University of São Carlos, Fibria began using trucks with lighter bodies that can carry 10% more wood from forest to mill. This innovation generates important economic and environmental benefits, such as significantly reducing diesel consumption and carbon emissions.
Similarly, to transport eucalyptus to the mill at Três Lagoas, Fibria developed the five-trailer road trains, a vehicle with the capacity to transport 100 cubic meters of wood. This results in significant benefits in sustainability, fuel consumption, accident risk and operating time. The company also built a 22-meter, off-road tunnel to shorten the route from forest to mill.
Pulp transportation to client
Of all the pulp manufactured by Fibria, 91% is destined for export markets. Production from the Três Lagoas and Jacareí mills is transported by rail to the Port of Santos in São Paulo state. Pulp produced at Aracruz is carried by truck to Portocel via a route only 2.5 km long.
The only Brazilian port terminal specializing in pulp, Portocel is located in In Barra do Riacho, in Aracruz (ES). It has annual loading capacity of 7.5 million tons, with average productivity of 24,000 tons/day per ship, beating the world’s best-performing ports.
Portocel, which is owned by Fibria (51%) and Cenibra (49%), has three ship berths and berths for barges with wood and pulp. In October 2017, the terminal achieved the unprecedented milestone of 100 million tons of pulp shipped.
Port of Santos
At the Port of Santos, which is another important port for its exports, Fibria operates three terminals. All pulp produced by the mill in Jacareí (SP) and Três Lagoas (MS) mills is shipped via the Port of Santos.
Fibria also completed construction of a pulp terminal in the area of Armazém 32, on the right bank of the Port of Santos. The terminal with 33,000 m² was leased for R$115 million in the first auction held by the National Water Transportation Agency (ANTAQ), in December 2015. Terminal T32 started operations in March 2018.
Aparecida do Taboado Terminal
Inaugurated in December 2017, the Intermodal Terminal in Aparecida do Taboado (MS) was design to transport the pulp produced at the second mill in Três Lagoas (MS). The project, which integrates rail and road transport, is located 170 km from the mill on Highway BR 158.
The terminal uses a continuous loading system, through which all operations are carried out without having to decouple freight cars or maneuver the train. Its operational excellence is due to the strategic vision of its design. The investment in Aparecida do Taboado was included in the overall investment in the company’s second production line in Três Lagoas, which amounted to R$7.345 billion.
To receive and distribute the pulp it exports, Fibria maintains and is responsible for hubs in overseas ports, which guarantees the company’s comprehensive coverage and its ample delivery capacity. The transportation and distribution structure is designed to give clients a high degree of confidence, who perceive the efficient management of the logistics chain.